Guardianship office. Monument of architecture p.p. XIX century
In the center of Dnipropetrovsk, on its main avenue, in a row of buildings that bear the memory of different eras, there is a house that can be safely said to be one of the oldest. The townspeople call it the Inzov House, and in recent years the Literary Museum. This story is about the Monument House, its strange history and future plans and dreams.
This story began in distant and dramatic times for Ukraine, for the Zaporizhzhya Cossacks. After the destruction of the Cossack Republic and the annexation of the lands of the Lower Dnieper and the Black Sea region to the Russian Empire, the authorities generously gave land allotments to the nobles, created foreign agricultural colonies, and forcibly resettled peasants from the northern provinces.
The region was intensively settled. The “unrighteous power” of the empire and its “laws are a pernicious disgrace” (Pushkin) fell on the free lands.
In those days, numerous immigrants from Belarus, Poland, the Czech Republic, Serbia, Germany, Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary settled in the Ukrainian steppes, in connection with which in 1797 the Expedition of State Economy, Guardianship of Foreign and Rural Households was formed. and in 1800, the Office of the Guardianship of Novorossiysk Foreign Settlers was created under the Expedition to manage the colonies of the Novorossiysk Territory (the territory of the Katerynoslav, Kherson, and Tavria provinces).
Immigrant colonies were under her control, which were started by Empress Elizabeth, but the trend gained momentum and development under Catherine II and in the subsequent years of the first half of the 19th century. The guardianship office was located in young Katerynoslav.
A plot of land was allocated for the construction of its building on Velyka Street (now 64 Karl Marx Ave.), on which, between 1810 and 1812, a one-story building in the style of classicism was built. The construction was carried out according to one of the samples taken from the circularly approved album “Collection of Facades” of 1809.
Freely erected on a large plot, in accordance with the then-accepted principle of manor house ownership, the building had open all four facades and windows on four sides. It was surrounded by a large garden and yard with outbuildings, with economic and service buildings. The yard was probably surrounded by a fence around the perimeter in those years, and a striped guard booth was located near the gate. The architectural historian writes: “Despite the restraint and simplicity of the disorderly solution of the facade, the house is representative.
The elegance of the classical composition is achieved by a clear rhythmic structure, as well as highlighting details in color. The compositional scheme of building the main facade consists in accentuating the center with the help of a small risalite with a stepped attic. Window openings are framed by color-coded platbands. The main facade of the building overlooks the avenue.
In its compositional solution, the rule of an odd number of windows (five) inherent in classicism is observed. The side facade is longer: it has six window openings. The decorative solution of all facades is identical. The historic entrance to the building, preserved unchanged, is located in the center of the courtyard facade. The internal layout is enfilade. The interiors were not preserved to the extent that would allow us to speak about the character of their architectural design and decoration, however, a fragment of the stucco cornice found during the research allowed us to reconstruct it.”
The earliest mention of the House on the maps of Katerynoslav was found by the architectural historian V.S. Starostin. On the city plan, which is dated January 1806, under number 28, there is the “Founded stone office of the Guardianship of Foreign Settlers” (on the same plan, the late word “founded” is crossed out, and “built” is written above). Drawings of buildings from 1818 (presumably) and 1827 found in Dnipropetrovsk and St. Petersburg became a great success for reproducing history at home and a reason for scientific discussions.
The first: “On the construction of an office of Katerynoslav foreign settlers”, is found in the foundations of the Dnipropetrovsk Historical Museum named after D. I. Yavornytskyi. It was created no earlier than 1818 (judging by the watermarks on the paper) and is signed by the Katerynoslav architect (city and provincial) N.P.Nasetkin. The building depicted in this drawing is significantly different from the existing one. The project includes a larger building with a high plinth, different design of facades and number of windows. There is reason to assume that this drawing was created in 1818 in connection with the reorganization and expansion of the Novorossiysk Office, its transformation into the Care Committee. Obviously, it was then that the desire to build a new, more representative building appeared, for which a spectacular project was developed. And it was not carried out, probably due to the fact that already in 1820 the “head office” of the newly created Committee moved to Chisinau. However, maybe everything was different. Scientific research in this direction continues. The only thing that is certain is that the existing building was built according to a different project, which had to be tried to find.
And here the researchers were incredibly lucky. In the late 1980s, Dnipropetrovsk historian, teacher of the state university E.A. Chernov and his students during summer historiographical practice in Leningrad found in the Historical Archive (now RDIA) a drawing of a house, created in December 1827, and which has the following name: ” Plan and facade of a stone house for the office of foreign settlers in the provincial city of Ekaterinoslavl, composed by the construction committee.
It shows the courtyard facade and the plan of the first floor of the building of the classicism era. Our view is a one-story building on a small plinth, with two small gables and gables on the main and courtyard facades. Entrance door from the yard. Modest window covering. A fairly easily recognizable plan. Undoubtedly, this is the same building in which the literary museum is now located (though, without the second floor yet). The drawing, apparently, was created for the purpose of a report to the Board of Foreign Affairs and was then sent to St. Petersburg. This document became an invaluable source for us in the course of studying the monument house and reproducing its history.
Later, additional information about the construction of the building was obtained. The foundation for it was massive granite stones – fragments of rocks planted near the Monastery Island, which were originally supposed to be used in the construction of the Transfiguration Cathedral. The brick from which the house was built was taken from the unfinished palace of Prince Potemkin. The collection of the literary museum contains samples of granite fragments, bricks (one of them with the “Vira” stamp, which became a symbol for us in difficult years), as well as hand-forged nails connecting the wooden structures of the building. The answer to the question about the date on the drawing was found. It was in 1827, according to the memoirs of the eyewitness A.M. Fadeev, that two government officials came from St. Petersburg to Katerynoslav with an inspection. Apparently, together with other documents, they took away, as a reporting document, the dimensional drawing of the building of the Guardianship Office.
Guardianship office. Actors
Samuil Khristiyanovych Contenius.
The first head of the Novorossiysk Office of Foreign Settlers was State Councilor Samuil Khristiyanovych Kontenius (date of birth unknown – 1830). An influential statesman, he had broad powers in the creation and development of colonies. He also entered the history of Ukraine as the founder of fine-wool sheep breeding, which for ten years became the main branch of agriculture in the south.
He created the Katerynoslav Pomological Society and one of the best horticultural schools in the country, with the help of which he promoted and distributed high-quality varieties of fruit trees in the region (he issued a special decree according to which all colonists were obliged to purchase seedlings of grafted fruit trees and plant them in their gardens). Local historian In 1809, he researched the history of the Katerynoslav cloth manufactory. The materials collected by him are of great importance for the history of the industry of southern Ukraine. He won high praise from his contemporaries for his talent and hard work.
Andrii Mykhailovych Fadeev (1789 – 1867)
From 1815, Andrii Mykhailovych Fadeev (1789 – 1867) was the junior associate of the chief judge, and from 1818, the head of the office of the Care Committee on Foreign Settlers. A public and public figure, he was also an active participant in the establishment and development of the Pomological Society in Katerynoslav. His journalistic activity began right there. In later years, Fadeev held the high positions of chief guardian of nomadic peoples in Astrakhan, was the manager of the Chamber of State Property, then the governor in Saratov. From 1846 until the end of his life, he was the head of the expedition of state property of the Transcaucasian region in Tiflis (Tbilisi). Fadeev also left his mark in the memoir literature, having written voluminous memoirs in the last years of his life, which have become an important historical source today. This is how he saw our city two hundred years ago:
“Ekaterinoslav then looked more like a Dutch colony than a provincial city. One main street stretched for several versts, two hundred paces wide, so that it abounded with space not only for gardens and orchards, but even for cattle grazing on the street, which the residents used without the slightest embarrassment. The ruins of the Catherine Cathedral and the Potemkin Palace stood out on the mountain. I found it already with a damaged roof, without windows, without doors; one room was filled with papers that made up the Potemkin archive under the administration of his Novorossiysk Krai. No one took care of this archive, and even at the palace there was not a single guard… After a few years, this pile of papers, in which, no doubt, there would be a lot of interesting things, no longer existed there at all, but only pieces of them were scattered around the garden. surrounding the palace. … Society in Ekaterinoslav, with the exception of two or three individuals, was very primitive… the landowners who lived in the city were almost all of them who rose to the nobility or reached the level of importance due to their wealth, from nobles, merchants, contractors, lackeys and all sorts of Potemkin family and his favorites . The treatment of many landlords and their people was the most inhumane. Their way of life was the most forgetful: cards, gluttony, drunkenness, empty chatter and gossip occupied all their free time.
The author of these memoirs was the head of a unique family that gave birth to three generations of outstanding state and public figures, scientists and writers. His wife is O.P. Dolgoruka (married to Fadeev) is one of the most educated women of her time, natural scientist, collector. His children: the famous writer O.A. Gan; general, military historian, publicist RA Fadeev; public figure, famous collector N.A. Fadeeva. His grandchildren: world-famous researcher, writer, creator of the International Theosophical Society O. P. Blavatsky; children’s writer V.P. Zhelykhovska; statesman, minister-reformer S.Yu. Witte.
Ivan Mykytovych Inzov (1786 – 1845)
In 1818, the Novorossiysk Office of Foreign Settlers was transformed into the Care Committee for Colonists of the Southern Region of Russia (in the sources we find its other names: Care Committee of Foreign Settlers of the Southern Region of Russia Care Committee for Colonists of the Southern Region, Care Committee of Colonists of the Southern Region of Russia, Care Committee committee on foreign settlers of the southern part of Russia), with three branches: Katerinoslav, Odesa and Bessarabian.
Lieutenant-General I.M. Inzov was appointed chief guardian and chairman of the Committee. It was from that time that the building began to be called the Inzov House, the Inzov office.
Ivan Mykytovych Inzov (1786 – 1845) – statesman, lieutenant general, hero of the Patriotic War of 1812. He comes from a noble (according to legend – royal) family. Having received a brilliant upbringing and education, he began military service at the age of seventeen. Participated in many campaigns. At thirty, in the rank of lieutenant colonel, he commanded a regiment and participated in the Suvorov campaigns. In 1812, he was a combat general, head of a division. He was awarded many high orders and medals for his bravery and military leadership.
In 1818, the lieutenant general headed the Committee and in the following years did a lot to help the emigrants in their settlement in a new place. In 1820, Inzov’s first meeting with Pushkin took place in Katerynoslav, in whose fate the general played an important role.
In the same year, the chief guardian and chairman of the Committee, while retaining his position, received a new appointment and became the plenipotentiary governor of the Bessarabian region, in connection with which he moved to Chisinau. And here he did a lot to help the needy. He especially took care of immigrants from Bulgaria who fled from the Turkish yoke: he set aside lands, exempted them from taxes, and gave out grain. He founded a new city for immigrants, called Bolgrad, where he built a church, a school, and a hospital. With his kindness and philanthropy, intelligence and benevolence, he left an indelible memory among the settlers, which is still preserved by their descendants.
In May 1820, the Russian poet Oleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (1799-1837), who served at that time in the Board of Foreign Affairs and was sent to Katerynoslav from St. Petersburg to serve in the Care Committee, visited the Inzovsky Chancellery several times. General Inzov did not burden the poet with official duties, which allowed him to settle in the old Cossack village of Mandrikovka near Katerynoslav. Here, on the banks of the Dnieper, he witnessed the escape from custody of two fettered convicts and their rescue from the persecutors. An incredible event, the authenticity of which the poet convinced his readers for many years, formed the basis of the poem “Robber Brothers”. Several of the poet’s letters, the article “Rebuttal to critics” are also devoted to the Katerynoslav events. But not only.
The poet is connected with our region by many other threads. On the Dnieper, he served as the commandant of the Novobogoroditsa fortress, where Pushkin’s great-grandfather A.I. Rzhevsky is buried. His relatives – the Pavlishchevs – lived in Ekaterinoslav. A monument to Catherine II, which belonged to Pushkin and his family, stood here for more than a hundred years. And the last thing: until the end of his life, the poet kept a map of the Katerynoslav province, published in 1821, in his personal archive.
In 1834, a new transformation of the Care Committee took place. Its subdivisions-offices were abolished, the staff was reduced, and the Committee itself, headed by General Inzov and a small number of employees, was transferred to Odesa. In connection with the reorganization, the office of the Committee in Katerynoslav was closed. And in 1845, after the death of I.N. Inzov, the Care Committee was dissolved and ceased to exist.
Center of education
The next stage of the life of the Inzov House for one hundred and one years is connected with the history of education in the Dnieper region. In the mid-1830s (according to some sources, in 1837), after the liquidation of the Katerynoslav office of the Care Committee, the plot became the property of the Ministry of Public Education (it was bought for 12,000 rubles). The buildings (main and courtyard) housed the Katerynoslav district school. In 1877, it was transformed into a three-class city school with a craft department.
February 13, 1883 in the building of the school, thanks to its inspector M.I. Pavlenko, the first public readings of the Committee of People’s Readings created under the Society for the Care of Women’s Education were opened. That day, the entire upper world of the city gathered here: Archbishop Theodosius, the governor, all officials and prominent citizens (177 people in total).
By 1886, when the number of students in the school reached two hundred and its buildings (both main and auxiliary, courtyard) could no longer fulfill their functions in full, the Katerynoslav city council decided to add a second floor to the building. It was built between 1886 and 1890, which made it possible to transform a three-class school into a four-class one. It should be noted that the addition was carried out so tactfully that the building retained its appearance and all the characteristic features of classicism architecture.
In 1901, the 1st Katerynoslav Higher Government Primary School of the Ministry of National Education was located in the Inzov Building. At the beginning of the century, the building also housed the Literary and Artistic Society named after M. V. Gogol. In 1910, the yearbook “Ves Katerynoslav” gives the following information about the house: “City four-class school (Prospect, near the Post Office, own house). The school has a manual labor class for students (woodworking), an evening drawing and sketching class for masters and workers. Pedagogical courses for training primary school teachers. Time busy with 8? hours in the morning until 2 o’clock in the afternoon”.
Mykola Stepanovych Pogribnyak
From 1908 until the revolution (according to another version, from 1909 to 1914), after graduating from the Myrhorod Art and Industrial School, the famous Ukrainian painter Mykola Stepanovych Pogrebnyak (1885 – 1965) worked here as a teacher of graphic arts for students of A. Slastion. An active member of the Katerynoslav Prosvita, he made an important contribution to the history of Ukrainian books. He designed and illustrated books by Dmytro Yavornytskyi, Ivan Truba, Ivan Rudchenko, as well as the magazine “Zorya”, collections of folk songs and fairy tales. He invested his love and talent in books and textbooks for children. For many years he taught at the Dnipropetrovsk art school.
The artist entered the national culture as the author of genre paintings, landscapes, among which are his paintings “After the Rain” (1912), “In the Kyiv Region” (1913), “Evening” (1937), “Blizzard” (1945). Collected a unique collection of samples of Ukrainian ornament (now in the collection of the Dnipropetrovsk Art Museum).
Mykhailo Arkadiyovych Svetlov (1903 – 1964)
The Russian poet, our compatriot Mykhailo Arkadyevich Svetlov (1903 – 1964), received his primary education at the school. Journalist Mykhailo Sosnovin recalls: “Russian language and literature lessons at the school named Ekaterinoslav Higher Primary were the most favorite. But one day the lesson turned out to be unusual. The teacher, as always, dressed according to the uniform – in a green diagonal shirt, read us a short poem and offered to determine whether it was written in iambic or chore. – When you answer my question, I will tell you who wrote it… – said the teacher. This episode was remembered forever because the author of the poem was the future creator of “Grenada”, then a high school student, Mikhail Svetlov.
So it was discovered that a thin boy, who had dangerously jumped off the tram’s footboard on the way, hastily, before the bell, threw off his black overcoat in the dressing room, a little mischievous, like all fourteen-year-old boys, writes poems. It was the seventeenth hour.”
Svetlov began publishing in 1917. “The Red Shadow on the Mustacheless Face of a Teenager Revolution” contributed to the appearance of the poem “Katerinoslav”, a number of poems in the newspapers “Zirka”, “Holos Soldat”, as well as work as the head of the printing department of the Katerinoslav Gub Committee of the KSMU and the editor of the Komsomol magazine “Yuniy” proletarian”. She also promoted cooperation with the poets Mykhailo Holodny and Oleksandr Yasny. The first collection was “Reiki” (1922), then “Poems about the Rebbe” (1923) and others. In the 1920s, he created widespread popularity with poems that received, “Two”, “Rabfakovke”, “Teplushka”, “I have never been to a tavern in my life”, “Party”, “The Little Drummer”, “Grenada”, “Song about Kakhovka”. Later, other poems appeared – “The Blind”, “The Italian”, as well as the plays “Deep Province”, “Fairytale”. The conclusion of the poet’s complex creative biography was the book “Hunting Lodge” (1964).
In the 1970s, teachers and local historians came up with the idea of creating a literary museum in Dnipropetrovsk and placing it in a monument building. The authors of the letter-appeal to the city and regional authorities were lexicographers V. E. Sandrikov and E. Ya. Birzhak. The idea was supported by the Historical Museum named after D. I. Yavornytskyi and its director G. F. Vatchenko. On February 24, 1982, the Dnipropetrovsk City Executive Committee decided to create a literary museum in the building at Karl Marx Ave., 64.
In 1983, on the basis of the Dnipropetrovsk Historical Museum named after D. I. Yavornytskyi, a research and exposition department of literature was created. E.V. Alivantseva was appointed head of the department. N. E. Vasilenko, I. V. Mazurenko, and a little later S. N. Kaspir-Martynova became scientific employees (the scientific team of the literary museum still works in the same composition today, twenty-five years later!) In the following years, they were successful scientific research, collecting collections, preparation of exhibition documentation. Complex historical, architectural and engineering studies of the building were conducted by leading specialists of the Kyiv Institute “Ukrproektrestavratsiya” under the leadership of V.I. Markiz.
The history of the building was recreated together with the museum’s scientific staff, working in archives across the country. The main task in those years was to collect and replenish the collection for the literary museum. Small in size, but beautiful in quality, it already existed, thanks to D. I. Yavornytskyi and the employees of the older generations, in the foundations of the father-creator – the Historical Museum. But in order to develop a full-fledged literary exposition, this was not enough. In the 1980s and 1990s, the research staff of the Litmuseum, which was being created, visited many writers of the Dnieper region and the relatives of those who were no longer alive; wrote hundreds of letters all over the world, went on business trips around the country, looking for everyone who was directly or indirectly connected with the region, its culture and literature.
At the beginning of 1998, a decision was made to gradually open the literary museum. The regional administration allocated small funds that allowed to repair the facade of the building, complete finishing works on the first floor and create an exposition in one of the halls. On May 24, 1998, the “Literary Prydniprovya” museum was opened to visitors with the exhibition “Pages of the Literary History of the Region”. After thinking about it, the specialists turned the unfinished second floor into an experimental area of the museum (a museum training ground) and opened it to visitors a few months later with an exhibition of young artists and poets, thus turning the problem into a unique feature.
The Litmuseum holds 20-25 exhibitions and up to 70 various scientific and educational events per year. Over ten years of work, more than 300 literary and cultural expositions were created, more than eight hundred literary and musical evenings, meetings with writers, book presentations and creative projects were held.
One of the important themes of the museum’s activity has become children’s creativity, creativity of young people.
A conceptually important feature for the creators of many of these projects was the combination, synthesis of various types of art, the creation of mystery expositions filled with various exhibits, many of which acquire the necessary historical, literary, memorial, but also, most importantly, symbolic sound. Thematic meetings and evenings have also acquired the finished form of performances, actions, a kind of museum mysteries.
In 2006, the “Literary Prydniprovya” museum started and has been successfully implementing a new project for the past two years, called by the authors “Wednesdays in the Literary Museum”. Now the museum is open on this day not until five, but until eight o’clock in the evening, and it is on this day that most of its mass events are held. The public now calls Wednesday the day of receptions at the “Literary Prydniprovya” museum or the literary salon.
A striking phenomenon of the last two seasons was the cycle of musical evenings “Sounds of Ancient Music”. The author of the project Oleksandr Panaskin and his creative team have already performed twelve harpsichord concerts of Western European music of the 16th – 18th centuries, and invited professors Christopher Stembridge from London and Svitlana Shabaltina from Kyiv to participate in the project with author’s concerts.
In recent years, various cultural festivals and competitions have been held annually in the Litmuseum, among them the poetry festival of young authors “Scream on the Lawn”.
Specialists do everything to ensure that the “Literary Prydniprovya” museum is a living organism, and not a bench of antiquities. Reproducing history, the museum is directed to the future.
In the 1920s, the Inzov House housed the Ukrainian school named after Ivan Franko and Ukrainian studies courses. Here, in 1919-20, the young Valerian Petrovich Pidmohylnyi taught mathematics. This fact was established by the researcher, writer, local historian N.P.Chaban. Here is the complete certificate prepared by him on 03/14/1998 for the literary museum: “An outstanding Ukrainian writer and translator, our compatriot Valerian Petrovich Pidmohylnyi (1901 – 1937), as evidenced by his autobiography of 1924, in 1919 – 1920 taught in to Katerynoslav himself and the counties (“Literary Ukraine”, January 31, 1991). From the same publication we learn: “At the same time, I started teaching as a mathematics teacher. In 1920, I was posted to the city of Pavlograd…” As evidenced by the letters of V. Pidmohylny to the poet Trokhym Romanchenko (1880 – 1930), in October 1920, V. Pidmohylny was still teaching in Katerynoslav.
Letters to T. Romanchenko are stored in the manuscripts department of the Institute of Literature named after Shevchenko in Kyiv (fund 46) and published by me in the magazine “Borysten”, 1993, No. 2, pp. 6-7. According to the letters of V. Podmogilny, it can be determined that Trokhym Romanchenko’s daughter Olena studied at the school where he taught. In the same fund of the Institute of Literature, there is a draft of a letter from Trokhym Romanchenko to V. Podmogilny dated July 15, 1929, which contains the following important testimony for us: “I saw your last portrait and you have changed so much compared to when I saw you, that it is difficult to know . This is what my daughter, who knew you at the Franko school where you taught, says. Now – about where the school named after Frank was located. The Ekaterinoslav magazine “Spozhivach” (No. 11, July 8, 1920, p. 24-25) tells about the intention to organize Ukrainian studies courses: “The courses will begin on July 10 in the premises of the 91st Ukrainian school named after Ivan Franko, which is between the Post Office and Astoria. We can probably conclude from this that the school named after Franko was located in the building that we now call “Inzov’s house”. Thus, it is necessary to honor the memory of Valerian Petrovych Pidmohylny, who taught at the school named after Franko, with a memorial plaque. Mykola Chaban, member of the Writers’ Union of Ukraine”.
Valerian Pidmohylny was well educated, had a deep knowledge of the history of European culture, literature, and philosophy. He became one of the first representatives of the “philosophy of existence” – existentialism in Ukraine. He started writing as a child, placing his stories in the school magazine under the pseudonym “Lord Lister”. At the 1st Katerynoslav Real School (now one of the buildings of the Dnipropetrovsk National University at 36 K. Marks Ave.), he was a student of the famous literary critic, folklorist, translator P.A. Yefremov. He studied at the Faculty of Mathematics of the Katerynoslav University, but due to lack of means of living, he left his studies.
In 1919-1920, he worked in the provincial department of public education, holding the position of secretary of the artistic propaganda section, and taught in Katerynoslav and Pavlograd. He published his works in the literary-scientific and pedagogical collection “Sich”, the collection “Whirlwind of Revolution”. In 1920, Ukrainian Publishing House published the first book of the young writer’s brilliant psychological prose, called by him “Works. T. 1”. In the 1920s, “Rebels”, “Ivan the Barefoot”, “Bread Problem” and “Third Revolution” were also written. Among the best works of Pidmohylyny are the novels “The City” (1928), “A Little Drama” (1930), “A Tale Without a Title” (1934).
At the height, when the genius of Pidmogilny was just gaining strength, the harassment and persecution of the writer began. Already in 1930, critics called his works “alien from revolutionary reality.” He was removed from the literary process, deprived of the opportunity to publish, and in 1934 was arrested together with other writers of the literary organization “Lanka” (later – “Mars”).
On November 3, 1937, to mark the 20th anniversary of the revolution, he, along with many representatives of the Ukrainian creative elite, was shot in Solovki as an enemy of the people. In the 1930s, the building housed the “Metalist” vocational school, then the Jewish machine-building school (according to other sources, the polytechnic school), and later the metalworking technical school.
In the post-war years, the construction school No. 1 of the Regional Department of Labor Reserves was located in the building and yard structures belonging to it. In 1949, a memorial plaque dedicated to A.S. Pushkin was attached to its facade. In 1963, it was replaced by a new one, bronze in the form of a medallion (sculptors S.A. Ogiy and H.P. Levchuk). From the 1950s to the beginning of the 1970s, the building housed a factory school, which was later renamed the Construction Vocational School No. 5. Then – the Dnipropetrovsk Hotel Industry Production Association, later – the Dnipropetrovsk City Housing Administration (until 1988). 08/08/1970 by the decision of the Executive Committee of the Dnipropetrovsk Regional Council of Workers’ Deputies No. 618, the building was placed under state protection as a historical monument. Protective obligation No. 1525 dated September 1, 1971.